What is Dyspepsia?

Dyspepsia is a recurrent or persistent pain or discomfort that is primarily located in the upper abdomen.

What are the symptoms of Dyspepsia?

  • Indigestion
  • Bloating
  • An early sense of fullness with food
  • Abdominal pain
  • Nausea and vomiting

What could contribute to my symptoms?

  • Increased sensitivity of the stomach
  • Helicobacter pylori infection
  • Stress and anxiety
  • Food intolerances

What tests do I need to undergo?

  • People who are older than 40 or with serious symptoms, such as repeated vomiting, weight loss, difficulty swallowing, or a low blood count, should have an upper endoscopy procedure.


  • Helicobacter Pylori and NSAIDs cause over 90% of peptic ulcers
  • All people >40 years with dyspepsia should be investigated endoscopically to rule out gastric malignancy
  • People who are younger than 40 and who do not have serious symptoms are generally offered non-invasive testing to detect infection with H. pylori (e.g. stool or breath testing).
  • Food allergy and food intolerances ma be tested depending on the predominant symptom that you may have.

What are my treatment options?

  • Better understanding of the condition and its underlying cause may help focus on the appropriate therapy.
  • Lifestyle changes such as avoiding certain foods which trigger the symptoms.
  • Other medications to reduce stomach acid production may be beneficial.

What triggers dyspepsia?

Greasy, spicy and processed foods can potentially trigger dyspepsia.

What is the prognosis for my condition?

  • Dyspepsia is typically a chronic disease which is relapsing condition, however most cases can be treated successfully with the mentioned treatment options.
  • Mainstay of treatment is lifestyle modifications.

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