What is Dyspepsia?

Dyspepsia is a recurrent or persistent pain or discomfort that is primarily located in the upper abdomen.

Picture of a lady experiencing upper abdomen discomfort

Symptoms of Dyspepsia

What are the symptoms of Dyspepsia?

  • Indigestion
  • Bloating
  • An early sense of fullness with food
  • Abdominal pain
  • Nausea and vomiting

What could contribute to my symptoms?

  • Increased sensitivity of the stomach
  • Helicobacter pylori infection
  • Stress and anxiety
  • Food intolerances

An illustration of a magnified helicobacter pylori

A picture illustration of human endoscopy

What tests do I need to undergo?

  • People who are older than 40 or with serious symptoms, such as repeated vomiting, weight loss, difficulty swallowing, or a low blood count, should have an upper endoscopy procedure.

SPECIAL TIPS

  • Helicobacter Pylori and NSAIDs cause over 90% of peptic ulcers
  • All people >40 years with dyspepsia should be investigated endoscopically to rule out gastric malignancy
  • People who are younger than 40 and who do not have serious symptoms are generally offered non-invasive testing to detect infection with H. pylori (e.g. stool or breath testing).
  • Food allergy and food intolerances ma be tested depending on the predominant symptom that you may have.

What are my treatment options?

  • Better understanding of the condition and its underlying cause may help focus on the appropriate therapy.
  • Lifestyle changes such as avoiding certain foods which trigger the symptoms.
  • Other medications to reduce stomach acid production may be beneficial.

A happy lady having her healthy bowl of salad infront of her laptop

Picture of burgers fries and pizzas

What triggers dyspepsia?

Greasy, spicy and processed foods can potentially trigger dyspepsia.

What is the prognosis for my condition?

  • Dyspepsia is typically a chronic disease which is relapsing condition, however most cases can be treated successfully with the mentioned treatment options.
  • Mainstay of treatment is lifestyle modifications.

Picture with a happy lady with many different type of ways to achieve healthy life style

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