Food preparation do and don’t during pregnancy.

Clean Fruits and Vegetables

Wash fruit and veggies with vinegar and water and rinse well before consuming.
Do an additional soaking in cold water for veggies with irregular surface (e.g. broccoli, cauliflower, curly salad).
Remove the skin if not sure about the origin or while outside and you cannot wash it properly.
Always wash your hands after handling fruits and veggies, as well as worktop and utensils with hot water before and after use.
Risk Avoid Be Careful with


  1. Raw shellfish or raw fish, sushi/sashimi and smoked products like salmon.
  2. Raw eggs or runny eggs, dessert with raw eggs e.g. Tiramisù.
  3. Raw and under-cooked meats and chicken. Avoid meat when it is not well done.
  4. Avoid uncooked processed meat like sausages, salami, Parma ham or Serrano ham.
Always wash hands after handling raw meats and poultry and store raw foods separately from cooked foods.


  1. Soft ripened cheeses including Brie, Camembert and some goats cheeses, blue veined cheese like Danish Blue and all unpasteurised dairy products.
  2. Unpasteurised foods like pâte, sauces or soft serve of ice cream from vans or kiosks.
Ensure takeaway and cooked-chill ready meals are heated thoroughly and keep hot.

Mercury and Dioxin Contamination

Shark, marlin, swordfish.
Reduce the consumption of canned tuna to 1 time per week.

Caffeine, Stimulants

Coffee and other caffeine containing foods like cola, energy drinks or chocolate.
One mug of coffee or 2 cups of tea a day might be allowed, but always seek advice from your Gynecologist.

Fetal Alcohol Syndrome